While outdoor urban air pollution affects the respiratory health of children in Eastern Africa, Hub researchers also recognize the significant exposure children have to indoor air pollution from use of biomass fuel for cooking, lighting and heating in the home. A sub-study of the Eastern Africa Children’s Health (EACH) study, the Household Air Pollution Study, was conducted to assess real-time household level PM2.5 and black carbon levels in 30% of EACH study participants’ homes using stationary monitors fixed within the home. In addition, while children were in the home they wore UPAS and PATS+ air monitors to assess personal PM2.5 exposure. To understand the health impacts of personal and indoor air pollution levels, Hub researchers will examine these exposure data with health indicators collected in the larger EACH study.
In 2018-2019, researchers from Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia conducted this study in Addis Ababa. This study is scheduled to be underway in Kampala, Uganda in 2021 by the research team at Makerere University, Uganda.