Health problems stemming from environmental and occupational hazards and climate change are escalating in the Eastern African region. Pollution resulting from increasing population, rapid urbanization and industrialization is a growing concern. In 2016, for example, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated ambient air pollution caused 4.2 million premature deaths around the world. 91% of the world’s populations reside in places where WHO Air Quality Guidelines are not met, with the greatest exposures facing those in low- and middle-income counties.
The Eastern Africa GEOHealth Hub is a research and training center focused on environmental and occupational health in eastern Africa.
Formally launched in 2015, the Hub grew from a joint planning grant awarded to the University of Southern California in the United States (U.S.) and Addis Ababa University in Ethiopia by the Global Environmental and Occupational Health (GEOHealth) program through the Fogarty International Center of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in 2012. The GEOHealth initiative is overseen by the NIH to pair institutions in the U.S. and in low- or middle-income countries to plan research, training and curriculum development that address and inform health policy issues.
The Eastern Africa GEOHealth Hub headquarters are housed at Addis Ababa University in Ethiopia and Columbia University in the U.S., for the research and training components, respectively. Training initiatives are supported by a consortium of U.S.-based experts from Columbia University, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Southern California, University of Wisconsin – Madison, and the South Coast Air Quality Management District. Research initiatives are ongoing across eastern Africa led by researchers at Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia; Makerere University, Uganda; University of Nairobi, Kenya; and University of Rwanda, Rwanda.
The Hub focuses on three targeted areas:
- Indoor and outdoor air quality and health
- Occupational health, with emphasis on agriculture
- Climate change and health
Through collaborative partnership the Hub has successfully designed and implemented a multifaceted research training program that has strengthened local capacity to conduct environmental and occupational health research as well as directly supported the development and implementation of a number of research studies and translation of findings in each Hub country.